Since 2008, the European Commission has invested almost €190m in ocean energy research and innovation through its FP7 (2007 – 2013) and Horizon 2020 programmes (2014 to date).

IEA Ocean Energy Systems (OES) established Annex IV in January 2010 to examine environmental effects of marine renewable energy (MRE) development.


TPOcean has finalised a prioritisation of Research and Innovation challenges that need to be overcome for the ocean energy sector to move to commercialisation.